Article by Prabhu Eswaran
How can pre-and probiotics play a role in health and disease? You may have already eaten and drunk both types of drugs without your realizing it right away.
In the intestine takes place the bulk of digestion. A healthy gut does the job better than a gut that does not have it so good. It is largely the composition of intestinal bacteria that determines whether the gut remain healthy. There are several types of intestinal bacteria, and if bad bacteria are good growing conditions, reproduce themselves and create not only indigestion, but also diseases in other parts of the body.
Prebiotics – food for bacteria:
The health-promoting intestinal bacteria already present in the gut need good conditions to grow and reproduce. Because they feed on the food we eat, it’s up to us to choose foods that keep the good intestinal bacteria in the turns. Prebiotics are the name of science has sat on several substances in food that has just this effect. Prebiotics are the components of food that stimulates growth and activity of beneficial bacteria. And therefore contributes to good health.
Examples of Prebiotics:
The beneficial bacteria thrive when they eat carbohydrates. For carbohydrates to reach the bacteria, they must be indigestible and not absorbable in the human small intestine. Examples of such carbohydrates are fiber of several types of fructo-oligosaccharides, inulin and resistant starch.
What foods are Prebiotics?
Fructo-oligosaccharides and inulin are found in several common root vegetables such as artichoke and onions of all kinds, such as onions, garlic and leeks. Bananas, asparagus and chicory also contain a good deal, and especially wheat. In the United States contributes wheat with 70% of the intake of inulin. Fructo-oligosaccharides and inulin can be extracted from these sources and added to other foods, such as crackers.
Probiotics – foods with bacteria:
Most types of foods contain one or more types of bacteria. Some occur naturally, while others are added to give the food a new flavor or character. Yogurt is a good example of this. Yoghurt fermented with special lactic acid bacteria that makes yogurt thickens and gets a fresh taste. This process, people have known for over a thousand years. Some lactic acid bacteria have been shown to have very specific, health-promoting properties. These are called with a common concept of probiotics.
Examples of probiotics:
Several types of foods containing lactic acid bacteria, fermented milk, sourdough bread, yogurt, lactic acid fermented sauerkraut, cheese, sausage and butter. In addition, add a few types of foods and beverages probiotic lactic acid bacteria. In Norway, this applies Cultura, Biola and BioQ products. Culture is added to the A and B bacteria. All Biola products are added LGG bacteria. In addition, Biola Milk with flavor also added to the A and B bacteria. BioQ products are added to the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri.
Effects of probiotic bacteria:
The types of probiotic lactic acid bacteria added in dairy products, is considered to be the best documented. They are considered to have a number of beneficial health properties, including improving intestinal movements and shorten the time it takes to normalize the intestinal flora after a course of antibiotics. In addition, there are several studies showing that both children and elderly people have better health with probiotic foods. See separate articles on this.